Cuadernos de Herpetología http://ojs.aha.org.ar/index.php/CdH <p><strong>Cuadernos <em>de</em> Herpetología</strong> es una revista multi-disciplinaria que lidera en Argentina la publicación de trabajos científicos relacionados con Anfibios y Reptiles, abarcando tópicos como: sistemática, taxonomía, anatomía, fisiología, embriología, evolución, ecología, genética, comportamiento, conservación, paleontología, etc. Comprende las siguientes secciones: Trabajos, Revisiones, Notas y Novedades Zoogeográficas. Los idiomas aceptados son castellano, portugués e inglés.</p> <p><strong>Cuadernos <em>de</em> Herpetología</strong> se publica dos veces al año, Mayo y Septiembre.</p> <p><strong>Cuadernos <em>de</em> Herpetología</strong> no cobra a los autores por su publicación a excepción de manuscritos que contengan un número elevado de fotografías o gráficos estipulando un pago con los autores de acuerdo a los costos de edición de cada trabajo. Está disponible en formato electrónico como revista de Acceso Abierto (bajo una <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/" rel="license">Licencia Creative Commons Atribución-NoComercial 4.0 Internacional</a>).</p> <p>Es una revista de la Asociación Herpetológica Argentina. ISSN en línea 1852-5768.</p> <p><img src="http://ojs.aha.org.ar/public/site/images/adminaha/logoaha-271d1f89de80d1f1f1f74c5d205e9df7.png" alt="" width="381" height="132" /> <img src="https://i.creativecommons.org/l/by-nc/4.0/88x31.png" alt="Creative Commons License" /> </p> <p> </p> Asociación Civil Herpetológica Argentina es-ES Cuadernos de Herpetología 0326-551X <p><strong>Atribución-NoComercial 4.0 Internacional (CC BY-NC 4.0)</strong><br /><br />Usted es libre de:</p> <ul class="license-properties col-md-offset-2 col-md-8" dir="ltr"> <li class="license by"> <p><strong>Atribución</strong> — Usted debe dar <a id="appropriate_credit_popup" class="helpLink" tabindex="0" title="" href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/deed.es" data-original-title="">crédito de manera adecuada</a>, brindar un enlace a la licencia, e <a id="indicate_changes_popup" class="helpLink" tabindex="0" title="" href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/deed.es" data-original-title="">indicar si se han realizado cambios</a>. Puede hacerlo en cualquier forma razonable, pero no de forma tal que sugiera que usted o su uso tienen el apoyo de la licenciante.<span id="by-more-container"></span></p> </li> <li class="license nc"> <p><strong>NoComercial</strong> — Usted no puede hacer uso del material con <a id="commercial_purposes_popup" class="helpLink" tabindex="0" title="" href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/deed.es" data-original-title="">propósitos comerciales</a>.</p> </li> <li class="license"><strong>No hay restricciones adicionales</strong> — No puede aplicar términos legales ni <a id="technological_measures_popup" class="helpLink" tabindex="0" title="" href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/deed.es" data-original-title="">medidas tecnológicas que restrinjan legalmente a otras a hacer cualquier uso permitido por la licencia.</a></li> </ul> Preliminary inventory of the anuran fauna of the Mata Estrela Private Natural Heritage Reserve, in the Atlantic Forest of the State of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil http://ojs.aha.org.ar/index.php/CdH/article/view/19 <p>Tropical regions harbor the highest amphibian biodiversity, nevertheless, information on species<br>composition is lacking in most areas yet these baseline data are essential to guide conservation<br>strategies. The goal of the present study was to survey the anurans of a Private Natural Heritage<br>Reserve named Mata Estrela, a fragment of about 26 km2 in the Northern Atlantic Forest, Brazil.<br>The study was carried out as an active census in June 2015. We found 27 anuran species assigned<br>to five families: Bufonidae (2 spp.), Craugastoridae (1 sp.), Hylidae (11 spp.), Leptodactylidae<br>(12 spp.) and Phyllomedusidae (1 sp.). All species are widespread in the Atlantic forest as well<br>as in other South American ecoregions. Descriptions of local diversity such as this one are a<br>fundamental baseline for conservation work and are especially needed in the northern limits<br>of the Atlantic forest, for which there is still a huge lack of biological knowledge.</p> Cristiane Nikely S. Palmeira Ubiratan Gonçalves Marcos J. Matias Dubeux Luana Rodrigues Lima Carolina Lambertini Anyelet Valencia-Aguilar Thomas Stuart Jenkinson Timothy Yong James Luís Felipe Toledo Tamí Mott Derechos de autor 2022 Cuadernos de Herpetología https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-05-31 2022-05-31 36 1 O canto de soltura de Rhinella crucifer (Wied-Neuwied, 1821), no Estado de Pernambuco, Nordeste do Brasil http://ojs.aha.org.ar/index.php/CdH/article/view/10 <p>We describe the release call of <em>Rhinella crucifer</em>&nbsp;and compare its advertisement call with species of the group. Records were made in an area of Atlantic Forest, Refúgio de Vida Silvestre Matas de Sirij, municipality São Vicente Férrer, state of Pernambuco, Northeast Region, Brazil. At 18 June 2019, 24 advertisement vocalizations of four males were recorded, of which three emit 31 release calls. Results showed a structural difference between the two vocalizations with presence of pulses defined, harmonics and greater modulation in release call. Compared to other&nbsp;<em>Rhinella</em>&nbsp;of the&nbsp;<em>crucifer</em>&nbsp;group, release call of&nbsp;<em>R. crucifer</em>&nbsp;had a greater resemblance to&nbsp;<em>R. ornata</em>&nbsp;in duration, notes interval, and number and interval of pulses. While proximity of dynamic parameters of advertisement call with&nbsp;<em>R. casconi</em>, we highlight a compatibility of dominant frequency with&nbsp;<em>R. inopina</em>. This work adds new information on vocal repertoire, which add information to their natural history.</p> Flávio José da Silva Emerson Gonçalves Dias Marcelo Nogueira de Carvalho Kokubum Ednilza Maranhão dos Santo Derechos de autor 2022 Cuadernos de Herpetología https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-05-31 2022-05-31 36 1 Breeding activity of Dendropsophus counani (Anura: Hylidae) in eastern Brazilian Amazonia http://ojs.aha.org.ar/index.php/CdH/article/view/8 <p>The current knowledge on the natural history are still scarce for most species of Amazonian<br>anurans. Among these, the hylid Dendropsophus counani has incipient data on its breeding biology.<br>Herein, we studied the breeding biology of D. counani in the breeding seasons at Cancão<br>Municipal Natural Park, municipality of Serra do Navio, Amapá state. Males of D. counani<br>often start calling in the late afternoon (17:45 pm) and continue at night. All clutches had been<br>deposited on tree leaves (n = 8) and branches (n = 9) above the water, and after a few days the<br>eggs hatching into exotrophic tadpoles that dropped from the gelatinous clutch in lentic waters.<br>The number of eggs per egg clutch ranged from 40 to 153 eggs. Our study adds necessary data<br>about the natural history of this species, in addition to increasing the knowledge of the breeding<br>biology of Dendropsophus species.</p> Patrick Ribeiro Sanches Fillipe Pedroso-Santos Carlos Eduardo Costa-Campos Derechos de autor 2022 Cuadernos de Herpetología https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-05-31 2022-05-31 36 1 Tail-break frequency inferences on Lygodactylus klugei (Smith, Martin & Swain, 1977) (Squamata: Gekkonidae) in northeastern Brazil http://ojs.aha.org.ar/index.php/CdH/article/view/9 <p>We investigated the sexual, interpopulational, and microhabitat use effects on the autotomy<br>frequencies in the Kluge’s Dwarf Gecko Lygodactylus klugei in 12 populations inserted in the<br>Caatinga ecoregion, in northeast Brazil. We observed the frequency of autotomized tails in each<br>population by analyzing sexual differences and the characteristics of the trees used, such as the<br>number of branches, presence of thorns, and trunk texture (smooth or rough). The autotomy<br>frequencies ranged from 28.5% to 75% among these populations. We did not find differences<br>in population, sex or on the presence of thorns and number of branches available in the trees<br>used on autotomy rates. On the other hand, lizards found on smooth trunks had a higher rate<br>of autotomized tails compared to those found on rough trunks. We suggest that the presence<br>of crevices in trees with rough trunks is an important factor responsible for protecting lizards<br>against predator attacks.</p> Antônio Rafael Lima Ramos John Allyson Andrade Oliveira Margarida Maria Xavier da Silva Robson Victor Tavares Diva Maria Borges-Nojosa Derechos de autor 2022 Cuadernos de Herpetología https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-05-31 2022-05-31 36 1 First observations on courtship and nesting behavior of Kinosternon vogti (Testudines: Kinosternidae) http://ojs.aha.org.ar/index.php/CdH/article/view/11 <div dir="ltr"> <p><span style="color: #222222;"><span style="font-family: Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif;"><span><em>Kinosternon vogti</em>&nbsp;is one of the most narrowly distributed kinosternid turtles in Mexico; it is apparently restricted to small streams and ponds in the urban area of Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco and Bahía de Banderas, Nayarit. There is little information on the biology of this recently described and endangered species, particularly regarding reproductive biology. We report reproductive behaviors on two mating pairs of&nbsp;<em>K. vogti</em>&nbsp;in captivity. Males exhibited combat for copulating with female. During courtship, male blocks female movements, female bites male´s rostrum scute, male displays titillation posture, and finally moves to position himself above the female.&nbsp;</span></span></span><span style="color: #222222;"><span style="font-family: Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif;"><span>R</span></span></span><span style="color: #222222;"><span style="font-family: Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif;"><span>eproductive season begins with courtship in August-September and ends with egg-laying in November-December. Six and two eggs per clutch (non-viable eggs; average size, n = 5: 28.83 ± 1.19 x 15.95 ± 0.55 mm). Minimal reproductive size of females and males were CL (carapace length) = 88.37 mm and CL = 78.7 mm.</span></span></span></p> </div> Carlos Santiago Rosales-Martínez Carlos Daniel Bello-Sánchez Marco Antonio López-Luna Armando H. Escobedo-Galván Fabio G. Cupul-Magaña Derechos de autor 2022 Cuadernos de Herpetología https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-05-31 2022-05-31 36 1 Defensive behaviors of Leptodactylus rhodomystax (Anura: Leptodactylidae) from northern Brazil http://ojs.aha.org.ar/index.php/CdH/article/view/12 <p>The study of defensive behaviors in anurans can lead to new hypotheses for a better understanding<br>of prey-predator interactions. Herein, based on field observations, we described<br>for the first time defensive behaviors of Leptodactylus rhodomystax. The studied individual<br>displayed stretching limbs posture and evidenced hidden aposematism. Hidden aposematism<br>was occasionally described to occur with stretching limbs posture. Our observations suggest<br>that synergistic defense mechanisms in anurans may be more common than currently known.</p> Fillipe Pedroso-Santos Vinícius A. M. B. de Figueiredo Carlos E. Costa-Campos Derechos de autor 2022 Cuadernos de Herpetología https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-05-31 2022-05-31 36 1 Diet composition of two hylid species (Dendropsophus haraldschultzi and D. minutus) in anthropogenic environments in eastern Amazonia http://ojs.aha.org.ar/index.php/CdH/article/view/13 <p>The diet composition of hylids ranges from generalist to specialist, depending on the relative<br>proportions of different types of prey found in their gastrointestinal tracts and trophic niche.<br>Here, we report the diet composition and compare the niche breadth of two syntopic hylid species<br>in eastern Amazonia, Dendropsophus haraldschultzi and D. minutus, which use anthropogenic<br>environments during the rainy season. We collected 32 individuals of D. haraldschultzi and 30<br>individuals of D. minutus. The most important preys found in the diet of D. haraldschultzi were<br>Hemiptera (34.6%), whereas Lepidoptera larvae (63.8%) were predominant in the diet of D.<br>minutus. Both Dendropsophus species had a similar niche breadth with generalist characteristics.<br>The consumption of mobile and slow-moving prey, and hard-bodied and soft-bodied arthropods,<br>indicated a combined use of both “sit-and-wait” and “active search” foraging strategies.</p> Ana Luiza Sangel Soeiro Anna Klara Matos Guerreiro Aline Emanuele Oliveira-Souza Maria Madalena Salviano Santana Carlos Eduardo Costa-Campos Derechos de autor 2022 Cuadernos de Herpetología https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-05-31 2022-05-31 36 1 Leiosaurus jaguaris Laspiur, Acosta & Abdala, 2007 (Squamata: Leiosauridae): Primer registro para el Parque Nacional Talampaya, provincia de La Rioja, Argentina http://ojs.aha.org.ar/index.php/CdH/article/view/14 Victor M. Pardo Luciana L. Castillo Ana C. Ochoa Lucía Martínez Retta Derechos de autor 2022 Cuadernos de Herpetología https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-05-31 2022-05-31 36 1 New record and updated distribution map for Drymoluber brazili (Gomes, 1918) (Serpentes: Colubridae) http://ojs.aha.org.ar/index.php/CdH/article/view/15 Sâmia Caroline Melo Araújo Lucas Rafael Uchôa Felipe Paixão de Sena Carina Uchôa Barbosa Alan Pablo Antonio Gonçalves Campêlo de Sousa Etielle Barroso de Andrade Derechos de autor 2022 Cuadernos de Herpetología https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-05-31 2022-05-31 36 1 New distribution record of endangered and endemic frog Pristimantis quantus (Lynch, 1998) in western Andes of Colombia http://ojs.aha.org.ar/index.php/CdH/article/view/16 Freddy A. Grisales-Martínez Beatriz E. Rendón-Valencia Derechos de autor 2022 Cuadernos de Herpetología https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-05-31 2022-05-31 36 1 Primera cita de Hemidactylus mabouia (Moreau de Jonnès, 1818) en la provincia de Jujuy, Argentina http://ojs.aha.org.ar/index.php/CdH/article/view/17 María Paula Cabrera Eduardo Vargas Juan Carlos Stazzonelli Derechos de autor 2022 Cuadernos de Herpetología https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-05-31 2022-05-31 36 1 Hannemania sp. larvae (Acari: Leeuwenhoekiidae) in Leptodactylus luctator (Anura: Leptodactylidae) in the Pampa biome, southern Brazil http://ojs.aha.org.ar/index.php/CdH/article/view/3 <p>The study aims to register <em>Hannemania</em> larvae in <em>Leptodactylus luctator</em> and their infestation rates in an area of the Pampa biome at the extreme south of Brazil. Forty-six specimens of <em>L. </em><em>luctator</em> (25 females: 21 males) collected in an urban area of the state of Rio Grande do Sul were examined. The prevalence of mites was 93.5%, and 4207 larvae were collected. The mean intensity of infestation was 97.8 mites/host (6-379). There were no significant differences in the prevalence and mean intensity of infestation between male and female hosts. There was no<br />relationship between abundance of larvae and size of anurans. The study increases knowledge of the parasitic fauna and its parasitological indices in anurans from extreme south of Brazil.</p> Juliana H. Wolter Carolina S. Mascarenhas Bruna M. Chaviel Ana Beatriz D. Henzel Ricardo R. C. Silva Frank Lira Gertrud Müller Derechos de autor 2022 Cuadernos de Herpetología https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-05-31 2022-05-31 36 1 Herpetofauna of an urban environmental protection area in an Amazon forest remnant of Amapá state, northern Brazil http://ojs.aha.org.ar/index.php/CdH/article/view/4 <p>&nbsp;The herpetofauna of Amazonia biome is one of the richest in the world. However, there is a lack of information on its richness and distribution. Here we provide a list of the herpetofauna from the Environmental Protection Area of Lagoa dos Índios, state of Amapá, Brazil, in the northern Amazon Forest. Sampling effort was conducted by active search in three distinct transects from January to May 2018 (rainy season) and August to December 2019 (drought season). We recorded 46 species composing the local herpetofauna, being 18 amphibians and 28 reptiles. <em>Scinax ruber</em>, <em>Gonatodes humeralis </em>and <em>Helicops angulatus </em>were the most abundant species. Regarding the conservation status, two species are categorized as Date Data deficient, (<em>Lysapsus bolivianus </em>and <em>Eunectes deschauenseei</em>), and one as Vulnerable (<em>Podocnemis unifilis) in the </em>Red List of the International Union for Conservation of Nature. <em>Podocnemis unifilis </em>is also considered <em>Near Threatened </em>in the Brazilian Red List of Endangered Species. Our results suggest that local biodiversity is still underestimated and, if expanded, could increase the spe­cies richness in the area. This study represents preliminary trends and raise further questions concerning the herpetofauna assemblage of Eastern Brazilian Amazonia.</p> Rodrigo Tavares-Pinheiro Vinícius A. M. B. de Figueiredo Fernanda S. Melo Aline E. Oliveira- Souza Abdiel Pinheiro-Freitas Carlos E. Costa-Campos Derechos de autor 2022 Cuadernos de Herpetología https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-05-31 2022-05-31 36 1 Lipidic cycle, condition factor and reproductive cell maturation in Gymnodactylus darwinii Gray, 1845 (Squamata, Phyllodactylidae) from a fragment of Atlantic Forest in northeastern Brazil http://ojs.aha.org.ar/index.php/CdH/article/view/5 <p>&nbsp;In this study, we describe a variation in fat bodies (liposomatic relationship), condition factor (the welfare degree of a population against the environment, K1), and male and female repro­ductive cells of the gecko <em>Gymnodactylus darwinii </em>(Gray, 1845) collected in two contiguous protected areas (Tapacurá and Mata do Camucim forests) in the municipality of São Lourenço da Mata, Pernambuco state, Brazil. We assessed seasonal variation and the influence of biotic (body temperature and K1 condition factor) and abiotic (air temperature and precipitation) factors on the lipidic cycle and reproductive cells’ maturation. As typical in geckos, fat bodies in <em>G. darwinii </em>decreased markedly during the high temperature and low precipitation periods. A slight variation in K1 suggests similar levels of energetic investment in growth and sexual maturation. Different reproductive cells matured similarly in sexually mature individuals, in­dicating a continuous, synchronised maturation cycle. Nonetheless, while fat bodies decreased and the number of mature reproductive cells increased in dry months, the opposite pattern was observed in rainy months. Our results indicate that <em>G</em>. <em>darwinii </em>does not show reproductive seasonality but instead peaks of reproductive activity (reproductive cell maturation, mating, lay eggs) synchronised in females and males, regulated by body temperature and climatic variables, including air temperature and precipitation.</p> Leonardo P. C. Oitaven Márcio F. Chaves José L. de Araújo Felipe S. Ribeiro Geraldo J.B. de Moura Derechos de autor 2022 Cuadernos de Herpetología https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-05-30 2022-05-30 36 1 Reproductive strategies of the semifossorial snake Atractus zebrinus from the Atlantic Forest http://ojs.aha.org.ar/index.php/CdH/article/view/6 <p>&nbsp;Secretive snakes (<em>e.g</em>., fossorial or semifossorial) show morphological adaptations that may constrain potential reproductive output. However, females can store sperm in the reproductive tract, increasing their reproductive potential. Thus, studies on the reproduction of fossorial and semifossorial species are of great interest for a complete understanding of snake reproductive strategies. Here, we investigate the reproductive strategies of the semifossorial snake <em>Atractus zebrinus </em>through macroscopic and histological analyzes of the male and female reproductive tracts. Females were larger and had more ventral scales than males, the most common pattern in snakes, and apparently conserved in the genera. The female reproductive cycle was seasonal, with gravid females occurring in spring and summer. Rainfall seems to be the major factor driving female reproductive seasonality, and sperm storage in the infundibular receptacles may ensure fertilization and multiple paternity. The male reproductive cycle was aseasonal. Spermiation, hypertrophy of the sexual segment of the kidney, and sperm storage in the ductus deferentia occurred over several months. This aseasonal reproduction in males may enhance paternity by increasing the species mating chances.</p> Lucas Henrique Carvalho Siqueira Jade Lima-Santos Karina Maria Pereira Silva Derechos de autor 2022 Cuadernos de Herpetología https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-05-31 2022-05-31 36 1 Taxonomic notes on the Phalotris bilineatus group (Serpentes: Dipsadidae: Elapomorphini), with the description of a new species from northwestern Argentina http://ojs.aha.org.ar/index.php/CdH/article/view/7 <p>&nbsp;The examination of 93 specimens of the <em>Phalotris bilineatus </em>group housed in the major Argen­tinian collections allowed us to recognize three additional species of this group. We propose the resurrection of two names, <em>Phalotris spegazzinii </em>and <em>Phalotris suspectus</em>, previously placed in the synonymy of <em>P. bilineatus</em>, and describe a new species from northwestern Argentina. The new species is recognized based on a unique combination of morphological characters. In addition, we redescribe the resurrected taxa (providing variation in color patterns, meristic and morphometric characters) and present new data on their geographic distributions.</p> Gustavo J. Scrocchi Alejandro R. Giraudo Santiago J. Nenda Derechos de autor 2022 Cuadernos de Herpetología https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-05-31 2022-05-31 36 1