Herpetofauna of an urban environmental protection area in an Amazon forest remnant of Amapá state, northern Brazil


  • Rodrigo Tavares-Pinheiro
  • Vinícius A. M. B. de Figueiredo
  • Fernanda S. Melo
  • Aline E. Oliveira- Souza
  • Abdiel Pinheiro-Freitas
  • Carlos E. Costa-Campos

Palabras clave:

Amphibians, Herpetological surveys, Reptiles.


 The herpetofauna of Amazonia biome is one of the richest in the world. However, there is a lack of information on its richness and distribution. Here we provide a list of the herpetofauna from the Environmental Protection Area of Lagoa dos Índios, state of Amapá, Brazil, in the northern Amazon Forest. Sampling effort was conducted by active search in three distinct transects from January to May 2018 (rainy season) and August to December 2019 (drought season). We recorded 46 species composing the local herpetofauna, being 18 amphibians and 28 reptiles. Scinax ruber, Gonatodes humeralis and Helicops angulatus were the most abundant species. Regarding the conservation status, two species are categorized as Date Data deficient, (Lysapsus bolivianus and Eunectes deschauenseei), and one as Vulnerable (Podocnemis unifilis) in the Red List of the International Union for Conservation of Nature. Podocnemis unifilis is also considered Near Threatened in the Brazilian Red List of Endangered Species. Our results suggest that local biodiversity is still underestimated and, if expanded, could increase the spe­cies richness in the area. This study represents preliminary trends and raise further questions concerning the herpetofauna assemblage of Eastern Brazilian Amazonia.


Almeida-Corrêa, T.; Frazão, L.; Costa, D.M.; Menin, M. & Kaefer, I.L. 2020. Effect of environmental parameters on squamate reptiles in an urban forest fragment in central Amazonia. Acta Amazonica 50: 239-245.

Andrade, A.C.; Franzini, L.D. & Mesquita, D.O. 2019. Assessing the effect of urbanization on tropical forest dwelling teiid lizards. Ecological Indicators 99: 225-229.

Araújo, A.S. & Costa-Campos, C.E. 2014. Anurans of the Reserva Biológica do Parazinho, Municipality of Macapá, state of Amapá, eastern Amazon. Check List 10: 1414-1419.

Benício, R.A. & Lima, J.D. 2017. Anurans of Amapá National Forest, Eastern Amazonia, Brazil. Herpetology Notes 10: 627-633.

Bitar, Y.O.C.; Juen, L.; Pinheiro, L.C. & Santos-Costa, M.C. 2014. Anuran Beta Diversity in a Mosaic Anthropogenic Landscape in Transitional Amazon. Journal of Herpetology 49: 75-82.

Campos, C.E.C.; Lima, J.D. & Lima, J.R.F. 2015. Riqueza e composição de répteis Squamata (lagartos e anfisbenas) da Área de Proteção Ambiental da Fazendinha, Amapá, Brasil. Biota Amazônia 5: 84-90.

Colwell, R.K. 2013. EstimateS: Statistical estimation of species richness and shared species from samples. Version 9.1.0. Available from: <http://viceroy.eeb.uconn.edu/estimates/>. Last acess: 8 April 2020.

Costa, H.C.; Guedes, T.B. & Bérnils, R.S. 2021. Lista de répteis do Brasil: padrões e tendências. Herpetologia Brasileira 10: 110-279.

Costa-Campos, C.E. & Freire, E.M.X. 2019. Richness and composition of anuran assemblages from an Amazonian savana. ZooKeys 843: 149-169.

Costa-Campos, C.E.; Sanches, P.R.; Pedroso-Santos, F.; Figueiredo, V.A.M.B.; Tavares-Pinheiro, R. & Almeida- Santos, W. 2021. Checklist of the reptiles from the Cancão Municipal Natural Park, state of Amapá, eastern Amazon, Brazil. Herpetology Notes 14: 539-550.

Dajoz, R. 2005. Princípios de Ecologia. Artmed. Brazil.

Debien, I.V.; Waldez, F. & Menin, M. 2019. Diversity of reptiles in flooded and unflooded forests of the Amanã Sustainable Development Reserve, central Amazonia. Herpetology Notes 12: 1051-1065.

Fouquet, A.; Martinez, Q.; Zeidler, L.; Courtois, E.A.; Gaucher, P.; Blanc, M.; Lima, J.D.; Souza, S.M.; Rodrigues, M.T. & Kok, P.J. 2016. Cryptic diversity in the Hypsiboas semilineatus species group (Amphibia, Anura) with the description of a new species from the eastern Guiana Shield. Zootaxa 4084: 79-104.

Fouquet, A.; Marinho, P.; Réjaud, A.; de Carvalho, T.R.; Caminer, M.A.; Jansen, M.; Rainha, R.N.; Rodrigues, M.T.; Werneck, F.P.; Lima, A.P.; Hrbek, T.; Giaretta, A.A.; & Venegas, P.J.; Chávez, G. & Ron, S. 2021. Systematics and biogeography of the Boana albopunctata species group (Anura, Hylidae), with the description of two new species from Amazonia. Systematics and Biodiversity 0(0): 1-38.

Fraga, R.; Stow, A.J.; Magnusson, W.E. & Lima, A.P. 2014. The costs of evaluating species densities and composition of snakes to assess development Impacts in Amazonia. Plos One 9(8): 1-9.

Frazão, L.; Oliveira, M.E.; Menin, M.; Campos, J.; Almeida, A.; Kaefer, I.L. & Hrbek, T. 2020. Species richness and composition of snake assemblages in poorly accessible areas in the Brazilian Amazonia. Biota Neotropica 20(1): e20180661.

Gotelli, N.J. & Colwell, R.K. 2001. Quantifying biodiversity: procedures and pitfalls in the measurement and comparison of species richness. Ecology Letters 4: 379-391.

Heyer, W.R.; Donnelly, M.A.; McDiarmid, R.W.; Hayek, L.C. & Foster, M.S. 1994. Measuring and monitoring biological diversity: Standard methods for amphibians. Smithsonian Institution Press. Washington.

ICMBio. 2018. Instituto Chico Mendes de Conservação da Biodiversidade. Livro Vermelho da Fauna Brasileira Ameaçada de Extinção. Ministério do Meio Ambiente. Brasília.

IUCN. 2022. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2020-3. Available from: <https://www.iucnredlist.org>. Last acess: 21 January 2022.

Kurz, D.J.; Nowakowski, J.A.; Tingley, M.W.; Donnelly, M.A. & Wilcove, D.S. 2013. Forest-land use complementarity modifies community structure of a tropical herpetofauna. Biological Conservation 170: 246-255.

Lima, J.D. 2017. Anfíbios e répteis do estado do Amapá: contribuições para a conservação da herpetofauna Amazônica. Tese (Doutorado). Universidade Federal do Amapá. Programa de Pós-Graduação em Biodiversidade e Biotecnologia. Macapá, Amapá.

Lima, J.R.F.; Lima, J.D.; Lima, S.D.; Silva, R.B.L. & Andrade, G.V. 2017. Amphibians found in the Amazonian Savanna of the Rio Curiaú Environmental Protection Area in Amapá, Brazil. Biota Neotropica 17: 1-10.

Martins, M. & Oliveira, M.E. 1998. Natural history of snakes in forests of the Manaus region Central Amazonia Brazil. Herpetological Natural History 6: 78-150.

Menin, M.; Ferreira, R.F.B.; Melo, I.B.; Gordo, M.; Hattori, G.Y. & Sant’anna, B.S. 2019. Anuran diversity in urban and rural zones of the Itacoatiara municipality, central Amazonia, Brazil. Acta Amazonica 49: 122-130.

Mustin, K.; Carvalho, W.D.C.; Hilário, R.R.; Costa-Neto, S.V.; Silva, C.; Vasconcelos, I.M.; Castro, I.J.; Eilers, V.; Kauano, E.E.; Mendes-Júnior, R.N.G.; Funi, C.; Fearnside, P.M.; Silva, J.M.C.; Euler, A.M.C. & Toledo, J.J. 2017. Biodiversity, threats and conservation challenges in the Cerrado of Amapá and Amazonian savanna. Nature Conservation 22: 107-127.

Nogueira, C.C.; Argôlo, A.J.S.; Arzamendia, V.; Azevedo, J.A.; Barbo, F.E.; Bérnils, R.S.; Bolochio, B.E.; Borges-Martins, M.; Brasil-Godinho, M.; Braz, H.; Buononato, M.A.; Cisneros-Heredia, D.F.; Colli, G.R.; Costa, H.C.; Franco, F.L.; Giraudo, A.; Gonzalez, R.C.; Guedes, T.; Hoogmoed, M.S.; Marques, O.A.V.; Montingelli, G.G.; Passos, P.; Prudente, A.L.C.; Rivas, G.A.; Sanchez, P.M.; Serrano, F.C.; Silva, N.J.; Strüssmann, C.; Vieira-Alencar, J.P.S.; Hussam, Z.; Sawaya, R,J. & Martins, M. 2019. Atlas of Brazilian Snakes: Verified Point-Locality Maps to Mitigate the Wallacean Shortfall in a Megadiverse Snake Fauna. South American Journal of Herpetology 14: 1-274.

Pedroso-Santos, F.; Sanches, P.R.; Costa-Campos, C.E. 2019. Anurans and reptiles of the Reserva Extrativista Beija-Flor Brilho de Fogo, Amapá state, eastern Amazon. Herpetology Notes 12: 799-807.

Peel, M.C.; Finlayson, B.L. & McMahon, T.A. 2007. Updated world map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences Discussions 4: 439-473.

Peixoto, G.; Leitão, P.; Kaefer, I.L. & Lima, A.P. 2019. The lizards along the road BR-319 in the Purus-Madeira interfluve, Brazilian Amazonia (Squamata, Lacertilia). Herpetology Notes 12: 689-697.

Pisani, G.R. 1973. A guide to preservation techniques for amphibians and reptiles. Herpetological Circulars 1: 1-22.

Prudente, A.L.C.; Sarmento, J.F.M.; Costa, K.K.C.; Dourado, A.C.M.; Santos, M.M.; Lima, J.R.F.; Lima, J.D. & Galatti, U. 2020. Serra do Navio, Guiana Shield lowland area, Brazil: a region with high diversity of Squamata. Cuardenos de Herpetología 34: 145-162.

Ribeiro-Júnior, M.A.; Silva, M.B. & Lima, J.D. 2016. A New Species of Bachia Gray 1845 (Squamata: Gymnophthalmidae) from the Eastern Guiana Shield. Herpetologica 72: 148-156.

Santos-Costa, M.C.; Maschio, G.F. & Prudente, A.L.C. 2015. Natural history of snakes from Floresta Nacional de Caxiuanã, eastern Amazonia, Brazil. Herpetology Notes 8: 69-98

Sartorius, S.S.; Vitt, L.J. & Colli, G.R. 1999. Use of naturally and anthropogenically disturbed habitats in Amazonian rainforest by the teiid lizard Ameiva ameiva. Biological Conservation 90: 91-101.

Segalla, M.V.; Berneck, B.; Canedo, C.; Caramaschi, U.; Cruz,

C.A.G.; Garcia, P.C.A.; Grant, T.; Haddad, C.F.B.; Lourenço, A.C.C.; Mângia, S.; Mott, T.; Nascimento, L.B.; Toledo, L.F.; Werneck, F.P. & Langone, J.A. 2021. List of Brazilian Amphibians. Herpetologia Brasileira 10: 121-216.

Silva e Silva, Y.B. & Costa-Campos, C.E. 2018. Anuran species composition of Cancão Municipal Natural Park, Municipality of Serra do Navio, Amapá state, Brazil. ZooKeys 762: 131-148.

Stuart, S.; Chanson, J.S.; Cox, N.A.; Young, B.E.; Rodrigues, A.S.L.; Fischman, D.L. & Waller, R.W. 2004. Status and trends of amphibian declines and extinctions worldwide. Science 306: 1783-1786.

Taucce, P.P.G.; Costa-Campos, C.E.; Haddad, C.F.B. & de Carvalho, T.R. 2020. A New Amazonian Species of the Diminutive Frog Genus Adelophryne (Anura: Brachycephaloidea: Eleutherodactylidae) from the State of Amapá, Northern Brazil. Copeia 108: 746-757.

Tavares-Dias, M.; Neves, L.R.; Pinheiro, D.A.; Oliveira, M.S.B. & Marinho, R.G.B. 2013. Parasites in Curimata cyprinoides (Characiformes: Curimatidae) from eastern Amazon. Brazil. Acta Scientiarum Biological Sciences 35: 595-601.

Vargas, G.M. & Bastos, C.M.C.B. 2013. Urban environmental conflicts and urbanization processes at Ressaca Lagoa dos Índios, Macapá/AP. Cadernos Metrópole 15: 265-288.

Verdade, V.K.; Valdujo, P.H.; Carnaval, A.C.; Schiesari, L.; Toledo, L.F.; Mott, T.; Andrade, G.V.; Eterovick, P.C.; Menin, M.; Pimenta, B.V.S.; Nogueira, C.; Lisboa, C.S.; Paula, C.D. & Silvano, D.L. 2012. A leap further: the Brazilian Amphibian Conservation Action Plan. Alytes 29: 27-42.




Cómo citar

Tavares-Pinheiro, R. ., de Figueiredo, V. A. M. B. ., Melo, F. S. ., Oliveira- Souza, A. E. ., Pinheiro-Freitas, A. ., & Costa-Campos, C. E. . (2022). Herpetofauna of an urban environmental protection area in an Amazon forest remnant of Amapá state, northern Brazil. Cuadernos De Herpetología, 36(1). Recuperado a partir de http://ojs.aha.org.ar/index.php/CdH/article/view/4